You may be closer to contracting herpes than you probably realize. Annually, worldwide statistics records more new cases of herpes. In the US alone, 1 out of 4 or 67 million people are thought to have been diagnosed with the sexually transmitted disease herpes.
Sometimes, it takes more than warts or blisters to manifest before you are sure that you have the disease. Diagnosing your herpes strain is far easier now than before. If you have just engaged in sexual activities with multiple partners or your partner has just been tested positive for herpes, seek medical advice as soon as possible. Doctors will conduct physical exam and interview you for history. However, herpes sometimes does not manifest with its usual symptoms and it varies from people to people. If you suspect that you have herpes, laboratory tests and procedures will be done for proper diagnosis.
Studies show how the two strains of herpes — herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV1) and herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV2) are almost identical under the microscope. Both have 50% similarities in their DNA. The two infect any surfaces of the body including the mucosal lining. The virus establishes itself in the genitals or in the mouth before being latently expressed in the nervous system. Seventy-five percent of people with either HSV1 or HSV2 will not manifest symptoms. However, it is possible that despite the absence of physical symptoms, the virus can progress on the person it affects.
The two differ in some aspects. One which is most drastic is the site of the manifestation of the symptoms. The HSV1 strain usually manifests itself in the trigeminal ganglion. These nerve cells are most commonly found near your ears. The outbreak will be found on the facial area or specifically on the mouth. On the other hand, the HSV2 mostly affects the sacral ganglion. The sacral ganglion is a group of nerves that are found on the lower spine. Hence, the manifestations of the symptoms usually occur on the lower part of the body particularly the genitals.
Diagnosing your herpes strain requires sample from the sore. From this, culture, PCR, FA, or serum analysis can be done to determine herpes. The latter is used in order to know whether herpes is available in the blood stream as well as if the patient exhibits immune response to the virus. If such procedures are undertaken, the medical practitioner can then conclusively tell you whether you have the disease and prescribe appropriate medications.
Diagnosing your herpes strain will be different depending on your circumstances. Some healthcare providers will opt to make use of one method versus another. These methods vary in efficacy, time of actually determining the virus, or in cost.